Below we show the translation of the hieroglyphic text, the top line is made up of two sentences, one on the right and the
other on the left. The name of the son is under the left sentence and the name of the son and daughter under the right sentence.
The invocation food offerings The honoured under Osiris,
to Amenemhat and Iyi. he gives invocation
Antef Antef and Hapy
Funerary stela of Amenemhat, Egyptian Museum, Cairo, on the ground floor gallery 21 , painted limestone, Middle Kingdom 11th
Dynasty, 2000BC, height 13cm, width 50cm JE 45626, Thebes, Assassif.
Excavations of Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
Description of the stela.
The ancient Egyptians used to make funerary stelae like this one. This was to ensure that
they will be given eternal life, and it sometimes showed family groups like this, or just the deceased with his offerings.
Here we see Amenemhat, the father of the family (with a short beard) and his wife Iyi, between them is their son Antef
who is being embraced by them, and on the right is their daughter Hapy standing in a pose of respect. The two men are wearing
the normal short kilt and are shown with dark brown skin, as is usual for men, and the women are wearing robes with single
straps, and long wigs and anklets and shown with the usual light yellow skin. All the family are wearing necklaces and bracelets.
The parents and their son are sitting on a bench, and under his wife we see the handle of a mirror in a basket, which shows
that ancient Egyptian women took great care of their appearance, even in the after-life. On the offering table are onions
on top of other vegetables with meat at the bottom. Under the table are two loaves of bread.
This stela has very fresh-looking
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